Support transportation demand management


While most transportation departments have traditionally focused on providing transportation supply, in recent years departments that are increasingly overburdened physically and financially have turned to "demand management" as a means of controlling cost and meeting needs. "Demand management" generally refers to strategies or techniques that reduce the number of vehicles that use highways by providing travelers with other mobility options. Examples of these strategies include carpooling or vanpooling, transit, telecommuting and flexible work schedules, park-and-ride, and integrated land use and transportation project design that allows more pedestrian or bicycle travel.

As transportation budgets tighten, the pressure to reform transportation operations often creates an opportunity to consider market-based policies that can help manage transportation demand. For example, pricing parking to better reflect its opportunity cost can quickly and cheaply reduce congestion and improve air quality.


Several state departments of transportation directly support Transportation Demand Management. It is probably faster and easier for a state DOT to start supporting Commute TDM than just about anything else in this chapter. Most regional TDM organizations need financial and strategic support in the current economic environment, and TDM is almost certainly the single most cost-effective action a DOT can take to reduce VMT.


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